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Թյ͹Ѻ 䫵 Biogang.com ꧤ biology online 觡¹ ժԵҹҾѹ ҡ¤ ͧ͵Ե աҡ
Ǣͺ Է .4


ẺͺѴͺ
3 ͧ ͧժԵ

1. çҹ俿ºº÷ӧҹѺǹ
ribosome mitochondria lysosome centrosome
2. Ҩ辺ʨҡ쪹Դ˹
ҷ ͠
ʹᴧͧǠ ب
3. organell բҴՠ membrane ûСͺ nucleoprotein
endoplasmic reticulum golgi body
chloroplast ribosome
4.
C6 H12 O6 + 6O2 6CO2 + 6H2O + 36ATP
Դǹ㴢ͧ
chloroplast centrosome mitochondria ribosome
5.
6CO2 + 12H2O C6 H12 O6 + 6H2O + 6O2
Դǹ㴢ͧ
chloroplast centrosome mitochondria ribosome
6. ᴧͧ͡Դҡ
redoplast chloroplast leucoplast chromoplast
7. 쪹Դռѧ
١չҠ plasmodium
Ấ  paramecium
8. prokaryotic cell ͢
oscillatoria fungi amoeba plasmodium
9. 辺ת
spindle fiber vacuole ribosome ù
10. բǹ selective permeable organell
mitochondria endoplasmic reticulum
vacuole ribosome
11. ʹᴧͧբҴҳ 4 ͹ ºè
1 / 1,000 .. 1 / 250 ..
4 / 250 .. 1 / 10,000 ..
12. ǡ˹ՠ chromosome Р monoploid ͠ haploid
ҧ  ⡵
켹ѧѧ蠠
13. ͷᵡҧҡ ҡش
inclusion mitochondria chloroplast ribosome
14. organell 㴷դѹѺ˴仢ͧҧ١ʹ
centrosome lysosome golgi body vacuole
15. ŷԴҡáԹẺպҠ (phagocytosis) ͢
contractile vacuole food vacuole lysosome centrosome
16. ҡ lysosome ᵡ͡ŷԴ鹤
plasmolysis osmosis glycolysis autolysis
17. ռ͡ѹҠ mitochondria ժԵ˹觷¡ѺͧժԵẺͫʷҠ mitochondria ժԵ˹觹鹠 ¶֧ժԵԴ
  Ҡ Ấ  ⷫ
18. ռ͡ѹҠ chloroplast ժԵ˹觷¡ѺͧժԵẺͫʷҠ chloroplast ժԵ˹觹鹠 ¶֧ժԵԴ
Թ
١չҠ ͧ
19. ÷ͧСͺӤѭͧù
ôǤԡ õ phospholipids triglyceride
20. дɰͧŷȹ硵͹
Leeuwenhoek Purkinje
Schwann Р Schleiden Maxkhnoll Р E.R.uska
21. Ź¹Ҡ 10 X зŹѵ¹ 40 X ʴաѧҡѺ
400 Ҡ 800 Ҡ 40 Ҡ 80
22. DNA ÷辺㹹öⷾҫ  㹠 organell
centriole ribosome mitochondria golgi body
23. ժԵà nucleoprotein ǡѺ ribosome
Ấ  ʠ Ҡ ʵ
24. ʨѴժԵ ˵ؼŷѴժԵ
׺ѹ頠 Թ頠 Ѻ頠 ҧ
25. 觷öת öѵ
cell membrane , chloroplast cell wall , cell membrane
cell wall , vacuole cell wall , chloroplast
26. cellular respiration Դ organell
mitochondria centrosome chloroplast lysosome
27. ûСͺ RNA ͡ҡо ribosome ѧǹ
Ǥʠ ʠ
28. ǹͧ졷ѡɳͧ Robert Hooke 繼鹾
젠 protoplasm ѧ젠 cytoplasm
29. ǹͧ˹ҷ繷ͷҧҹͧõҧ
endoplasmic reticulum microsome
centrosome lysosome
30. 㴶١ͧ
ⷤ͹¾ҡ蹷Š 辺ͺؼ
ⷤ͹¾ҡẤ  辺蹷
ⷤ͹¾ҡ蹷Š 辺Ấ
ⷤ͹¾ҡѺẤ·ѧ觵
31. ǹͧب¹ŧҨҡ organell
lysosome centrosome golgi complex endoplasmic reticulum
32. suicide bag of cell Ͷاҵǵ¶֧
vacuole lysosome golgi complex vesicle
33. golgi complex þҡǹ
Ѻ лР
ҷ ˹ѧ
ǡ䵠 ӵҠ
  ӹ

34. ͺ˹ҷӤѭ͢
Ǻ͡С§à
ͧʹʹ
˹ҷӡѴҴ˭Թ
ǡǡѹ
35. çҧ˹ҷٹͧ RNA з˹ҷҧçҧ
Ǥõչ
Ǥʠ ⴾԡ õԤ
36. organell ͠ organell
ૹŠ
ૹСŨԤ硫젠 ૹŠ
37. 㴶١ͧͧͧ͹ⴾԡ õԤ
ԴǢآЪԴºӨѴþ
ԴºҧõչԴآҧ´
ԴǢآҹ鹷˹ҷ§
ͧԴ˹ҷ͹ѹ誹ԴǢآзǡ
38. ͧ١չᵡҧҡͧ·㹢
1. ՠ cell wall
2. ՠ contractile vacuole
3. ՠ photosynthetic pigments ẺǡѺǷͧ
4. öçԵẺ heterotroph
39. ˵طҵͧçԵẺ  (saprophytism)
ҡ ռѧ
դþʵ젠 չʷԧ
40. çҧ㴷˹ҷҧ
ՠ 繠 ͠ ŨԤ硫
ҧ͹ⴾҫ Ǥ
41. աѧõչ੾ҹ鹠 Ҩоǹҡ㹺dz
ŨԤ硫젠 ҧ͹ⴾҫ
ʠ ⷾҫ

42. ѡɳз¡Թ͡ҡǤ
ҳ紤þʠ Ҵӵ
ѡɳйʠ ׺ѹẺ
43. ͺѵõ
ྡԹ ǷԹ Թ õչ
44. դسѵ͡ҹ ¶֧
÷š˭ҹ
ԹءԴҹ
õҧԴѹҹѵҡѹ
Ӽҹҧ
45. 㴡Ƕ֧ҧ١ͧ
˹ҷ㹡젠 ǹ繠 DNA
ҧõ ҧõչ
46. ҡ֡ͺ ѡ¹ҺҢͺͧѵ
ʠ ǷԹ Թ ྡԹ
õչ 䤷Թ õչ ǷԹ
47. ѡԷʵժԵ͡繡÷ʵѡɳТͧ
Ҵͧ젠 Ҵͧ
ѡɳСôçԵ ѡɳТͧ
48. ʴѹҧçҧ˹ҷҧ١ͧ
- ѧõչ
ૹŠ - ͹ͧ
Ǥʠ - ѧ DNA
ҧ͹ⴾҫзѧѹҧԴ
49. ҹչ¾ѹ˹¡§Ҿ͡ਹ͡ਹҠ 24 š֡Ң㴷١ͧ
ѵҡѧõչͧչ§Ҿ͡ਹ٧
չ§Ҿ͡ਹѵҡԭ٧
Ҵͧչ§Ҿ͡ਹբҴ硡
չ§㹷͡ਹըӹǹⷤ͹µ٧

50. ժԵѴҳҨѡ÷ʵҠ ҨѡɳТͧࡳ㹡èṡ ҹԴժԵ㴷Ҩ¡㹡ࡳ
Ấ  ١չҠ ù
Ấ  ʵ젠 Ấ  ʫҷ
51. ͹ǢͧպԴҡ
͹Ǣͧ÷ٺŠ ÷ӧҹͧ䤹
ǻյ ͹ͧ͡ԹͫԹ
52. ŪԴҡش
ⷤ͹  ŨԤ硫
ҧ͹ⴾҫ
53. ѡɳТ㴢ͧתᵡҧҡѵ
ǹ˭ૹŠ ǹ˭ૹ
ⷤ͹¹¡Ҡ դþʵҡ
54. 9 + 2
ૹຫźʹՠ
ૹЫ  ૹ
55. 9 + 0
ૹҠ ຫźʹՠ
ૹຫźʹՠ Ы
56. 㴡Ƕ١ͧ
9 ͧૹ˹÷ٺšР 2 ˹
9 ͧ˹÷ٺšР 3 ˹
ຫźʹૹՠ 9 ҹ͡ Сՠ 3 ˹¢ͧ÷ٺ
Ыՠ 9 Сՠ 3 ˹¢ͧ÷ٺР 2 ˹¢ͧ÷ٺŵçҧ
57. 㹡֡ժԵ¡ͧŷȹẺШѺʧ ҷҹͧûѺʧзҡ
ʹͧ ʧҡ
ѺШҧѵعѺҾԴҺЪԴ´
ѺʧعѺҾԴҺЪԴ´
ѺШҧѵлѺ

58. ÷辺ҡ㹼ѧͧ紤êԴ
ྡԹ ʠ 䤷Թ Թ
59. ŷöҧþѧҹ٧ ATP ŪԴ
ⷤ͹ 
ⷤ͹СŨԤ硫
ⷤ͹͹ⴾԡ õԤ
ⷤ͹Фþʵ
60. 繤سѵԢͧþʵ
çҧ辺㹾ת
ǹӤѭ㹡ѧʧ
繡͹Ҥͧÿ
ÿФ÷չ´çѵ
61. (diffusion) Դҡ
ѧҹŹͧšŠ С͹շȷҧ͹
ѧҹѡͧšŠ С͹շȷҧ͹
ѧҹŹͧšŠ С͹շȷҧ͹
ѧҹѡͧšŠ С͹շȷҧ͹
62. 㹡͹ẺТѺ
سԠ ᵡҧͧ
ҴͧšŠ ١ء
63. ӨР osmosis ¹͡繪Դ
isotonic solution hypertonic solution
Saturated solution hypotonic solution
64. öԴǹà osmosis еͧդسѵ
semipermeable membrane selective permeable membrane
spongy permeable membrane ͠ Р ١
65. ôٴӢͧ͡紷紾ͧⵢ¡
osmosis diffusion
absorbtion imbibition
66. ǹͧҳͧǡⷫǤ
cell membrane nucleus
contractile vacuole food vacuole
67. ·Դ plasmolysis
isotonic solution hypotonic solution
hypertonic solution saturated solution
68. ªԴ˹͹ʹᴧŧʹᴧᵡ  ͧŧᵡ
¹繠 hypotonic ʹᴧ 繠 isotonic
¹繠 hypotonic ʹᴧ 繠 hypertonic
¹繠 hypotonic ʹᴧ ռѧ ֧ᵡ
¹繠 hypotonic ʹᴧ դ٧
֧ᵡ
69. ÷à X ҡ¹͡ à X ¹͡ö ʴԴǹẺ
diffusion osmosis active transport passive transport
70. Brownian movement ¶֧
͹Ẻǹ젠 ͹ҧȷҧͧ͹Ҥ
͹çҵԠ ͹¾ѧҹŹ
71. Ţͧ ¶֧
зԴաǠ
зշȷҧҹ
з÷ءԴšҡѹ
зա͹ͧ͡㹨ӹǹ ѹ
72. ǹСͺͧӤѭ
õչ ѹ ôǤԡ õչ ѹ õ ôǤԡ
õչ ѹ õ ѹ ôǤԡ õ
73. õҧ ҹӴѺǠ
Ӡ ¹Ӡ Թ ûШź ûШغǡ
Ӡ Թ ҫ¹Ӡ ûШغǡ ûШź
Ӡ ҫ¹Ӡ Թ ûШغǡ ûШź
Ӡ ҫ¹Ӡ ûШź ûШغǡ Թ
74. ͹µǾѡ㹢
Դ Na+ K+ Pump ôٴѹ
ôٴ͡Ѻʹ䵠 áӨѴ·л
75. ⷫʠ (pinocytosis) ѡѺùþǡ˹
þǡѹ÷ѹՠ þǡջШ蹠 Na+ K+
þǡõչѹ þǡԵԹҧ
76. Ẻҫ෵ͧµǾҠ ǾҹêԴ
ѹ õ ôǤԡ õչ
77. ͹ʹᴧŧ  NaCl 5 % ҡó¡ҾūԴѺ쪹Դ
ʹᴧ
ͧԴ ԴͧԴ
78. 㴡Ƕ֧кǹ§Ẻͧѧҹҧ١ͧ
ôٴҵآͧ좹ҡת
ôٴšŢͧ÷
ôٴСô⹡Ѻdzѧͧ͢˹
١ء
79. 㹢çѹʹ·ش
ӻҠ ӷŠ
80. Դ pinocytosis 쪹Դ
ʹǠ ʹᴧ
ͧ˹䵠 Ѻ͹
81. ʹᴧᵡªԴ㴠
͠ 0.85 % Ӵ ҹ
82. ҵͧ֡Ҽѧͧҧ͡¡ͧСͺͧ͡ҡѹҧ
ӻлҠ ¹ 0.85 %
¹ 5 % 㹹
83. ͹ⷫʠ ͢
ⷫʠ ⷫʠ
駢͠ Р բͶ١
84. ùµѺ êԴ㴠 (1) dz㴠 (2)
(1) õչ (2) (1) ѹ (2)
(1) õչ (2) 輹ѧ젠 (1) ѹ (2) 輹ѧ
85. ͹ͧ͹ҧ ҡդ鹵ͧդ鹢ͧ͹٧¡кǹùҠ ͡Կҹʻ쵠 ͡Կҹʻ
͹͡䫴젠 ʶ١ٴʹ
͹١ٴ젠 ʿʨҡԹת
86. ҹҧ͡ͷդ鹠 10 % 觤鹹٧ⷾҫͧԴҡó¡
ʠ ⷫ ūʠ ⷫ
87. ʹա͹Ẻ
amoeboid movement Brownian movement turgor movement cyclosis
88. кǹ÷Դùӡʻҷ
кǹ кǹà passive transport
кǹûԡՠ кǹûԡ
89. ҵ㹴Թ١ҡתԸ
ҹʾêѹŠ ͡Կҹʻ
çѹҡ ١駠 Р
90. š¹㹻ʹԸ

͡Կҹʻ쵠 çѹҡҡ¹͡
ӵͺ仹ͺӶ͠ 91 - 93
prophase metaphase anaphase telophase
91. з§ǡѹdzҧ
92. зૹ͡繠 2 ǹ
93. з١֧  spindle fiber ¡͡ҡѹ
94. 㴶١ͧ
תՠ spindle fiber תաҧ cell plate
תՠ spindle fiber תաҧ cell plate
ѵՠ spindle fiber ѵաҧ cell plate
ѵՠ spindle fiber աҧ cell plate
95. šẺ meiosis
2 n 4 2n
2 3n 4 n
96. šẺ mitosis
2 2n 2 n
2 3n 4 2n
97. Ẻ meiosis о
䵠 ʹبԠ ҷ ١
98. ᴧ (yolk) ǹͧ
㹠 vacuole lysosome
ʢͧ蠠 Ǥͧ
99. ѧõչԴ
DNA RNA ribosome chromosome
100. سѵ੾Т˹觢ͧ DNA
reproduce catalyse replicate metabolize
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ẺͺѴͺ 4 ͧ ͧժԵ
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.
13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18.
19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24.
25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30.
31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36.
37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42.
43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48.
49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54.
55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60.
61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66.
67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72.
73. 74. 75. 76. 77. 78.
79. 80. 81. 82. 83. 84.
85. 86. 87. 88. 89. 90.
91. 92. 93. 94. 95. 96.
97. 98. 99. 100.


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